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Web site Developer I Advertising I Social Media Advertising I Content material Creators I Branding Creators I Administration I System SolutionThe Final Free Solo Weblog Setup With Ghost And Gatsby — Smashing Journal

Web site Developer I Advertising I Social Media Advertising I Content material Creators I Branding Creators I Administration I System SolutionThe Final Free Solo Weblog Setup With Ghost And Gatsby — Smashing Journal

Web site Developer I Advertising I Social Media Advertising I Content material Creators I Branding Creators I Administration I System Resolution

Fast abstract ↬
With regards to instruments for publishing a weblog, it may well appear to be there’s by no means an ideal resolution that mixes customization with straightforward admin. On this article, we’ll see step-by-step how one can get the perfect of each worlds through the use of Ghost as a headless CMS for a Gatsby static website. We’ll cowl all of the tough components in-depth and present you are able to do the whole lot without cost.

Lately it appears there are an infinite variety of instruments and platforms for creating your personal weblog. Nonetheless, plenty of the choices on the market lean in direction of non-technical customers and summary away the entire choices for personalization and actually making one thing your personal.

In case you are somebody who is aware of their method round front-end improvement, it may be irritating to discover a resolution that provides you the management you need, whereas eradicating the admin from managing your weblog content material.

Enter the Headless Content material Administration System (CMS). With a Headless CMS, you may get the entire instruments to create and manage your content material, whereas sustaining 100% management of how it’s delivered to your readers. In different phrases, you get the entire backend construction of a CMS whereas not being restricted to its inflexible front-end themes and templates.

With regards to Headless CMS programs, I’m an enormous fan of Ghost. Ghost is open-source and easy to make use of, with plenty of nice APIs that make it versatile to make use of with static website builders like Gatsby.

On this article, I’ll present you ways you should use Ghost and Gatsby collectively to get the final word private weblog setup that allows you to preserve full management of your front-end supply, however leaves all of the boring content material administration to Ghost.

Oh, and it’s 100% free to arrange and run. That’s as a result of we will likely be operating our Ghost occasion domestically after which deploying to Netlify, profiting from their beneficiant free tier.

Let’s dive in!

Setting Up Ghost And Gatsby

I’ve written a starter submit on this earlier than that covers the very fundamentals, so I received’t go too in-depth into them right here. As an alternative, I’ll give attention to the extra superior points and gotchas that come up when operating a headless weblog.

However briefly, right here’s what we have to do to get a primary set-up up and operating that we will work from:

  • Set up a neighborhood model of the Gatsby Starter Weblog
  • Set up Ghost domestically
  • Change the supply knowledge from Markdown to Ghost (swap out gatsby-source-file system for gatsby-source-ghost)
  • Modify the GraphQL queries in your gatsby-node, templates, and pages to match the gatsby-source-ghost schema

For extra particulars on any of those steps, you’ll be able to try my earlier article.

Or you’ll be able to simply begin from the code in this Github repository.

Dealing With Photos

With the fundamentals out of the way in which, the primary challenge we run into with a headless weblog that builds domestically is what to do with pictures.

Ghost by default serves pictures from its personal server. So while you go headless with a static website, you’ll run right into a state of affairs the place your content material is constructed and served from an edge supplier like Netlify, however your pictures are nonetheless being served by your Ghost server.

This isn’t supreme from a efficiency perspective and it makes it not possible to construct and deploy your website domestically (which implies you would need to pay month-to-month charges for a Digital Ocean droplet, AWS EC2 occasion, or another server to host your Ghost occasion).

However we will get round that if we will discover one other resolution to host our pictures &mdash, and fortunately, Ghost has storage converters that allow you to retailer pictures within the cloud.

For our functions, we’re going to use an AWS S3 converter, which permits us to host our pictures on AWS S3 together with Cloudfront to present us an identical efficiency to the remainder of our content material.

There are two open-source choices accessible: ghost-storage-adapter-s3 and ghost-s3-compat. I exploit ghost-storage-adapter-s3 since I discover the docs simpler to comply with and it was extra lately up to date.

That being stated, if I adopted the docs precisely, I bought some AWS errors, so right here’s the method that I adopted that labored for me:

  • Create a brand new S3 Bucket in AWS and choose Disable Static Internet hosting
  • Subsequent, create a brand new Cloudfront Distribution and choose the S3 Bucket because the Origin
  • When configuring the Cloudfront Distribution, below S3 Bucket Entry:

    • Choose “Sure, use OAI (bucket can prohibit entry to solely Cloudfront)”
    • Create a New OAI
    • And eventually, choose “Sure, replace the bucket coverage”
    Cloudfront Distribution Configuration screen showing a suggested selection to create an AWS S3 Bucket
    Configuring the Cloudfront Distribution. (Giant preview)

    This creates an AWS S3 Bucket that may solely be accessed through the Cloudfront Distribution that you’ve created.

Then, you simply have to create an IAM Consumer for Ghost that may allow it to put in writing new pictures to your new S3 Bucket. To do that, create a brand new Programmatic IAM Consumer and connect this coverage to it:

{
    "Model": "2012-10-17",
    "Assertion": [
        {
            "Sid": "VisualEditor0",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": "s3:ListBucket",
            "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::YOUR-S3-BUCKET-NAME"
        },
        {
            "Sid": "VisualEditor1",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": [
                "s3:PutObject",
                "s3:GetObject",
                "s3:PutObjectVersionAcl",
                "s3:DeleteObject",
                "s3:PutObjectAcl"
            ],
            "Useful resource": "arn:aws:s3:::YOUR-S3-BUCKET-NAME/*"
        }
    ]
} 

With that, our AWS setup is full, we simply want to inform Ghost to learn and write our pictures there as an alternative of to its native server.

To do this, we have to go to the folder the place our Ghost occasion is put in and open the file: ghost.improvement.json orghost.manufacturing.json.(relying on what setting you’re at present operating)

Then we simply want so as to add the next:

{
  "storage": {
  "lively": "s3",
  "s3": {
    "accessKeyId": "[key]",
    "secretAccessKey": "[secret]",
    "area": "[region]",
    "bucket": "[bucket]",
    "assetHost": "https://[subdomain].example.com", // cloudfront
    "forcePathStyle": true,
    "acl": "non-public"
  }
}

The values for accessKeyId and secretAccessKey might be discovered out of your IAM setup, whereas the area and bucket check with the area and bucket identify of your S3 bucket. Lastly, the assetHost is the URL of your Cloudfront distribution.

Now, when you restart your Ghost occasion, you will notice that any new pictures you save are in your S3 bucket and Ghost is aware of to hyperlink to them there. (Notice: Ghost received’t make updates retroactively, so make sure to do that very first thing after a contemporary Ghost set up so that you don’t need to re-upload pictures later)

Extra after bounce! Proceed studying under ↓

With Photos out of the way in which, the subsequent tough factor we want to consider is inside hyperlinks. As you’re writing content material in Ghost and inserting hyperlinks in Posts and Pages, Ghost will mechanically add the location’s URL to all inside hyperlinks.

So for instance, when you put a hyperlink in your weblog submit that goes to /my-post/, Ghost goes to create a hyperlink that goes to https://mysite.com/my-post/.

Usually, this isn’t an enormous deal, however for Headless blogs this causes issues. It is because your Ghost occasion will likely be hosted someplace separate out of your front-end and in our case it received’t even be reachable on-line since we will likely be constructing domestically.

Which means that we might want to undergo every weblog submit and web page to right any inside hyperlinks. Fortunately, this isn’t as onerous because it sounds.

First, we’ll add this HTML parsing script in a brand new file known as replaceLinks.js and put it in a brand new utils folder at src/utils:

const url = require(`url`);
const cheerio = require('cheerio');

const replaceLinks = async (htmlInput, siteUrlString) => {
  const siteUrl = url.parse(siteUrlString);
  const $ = cheerio.load(htmlInput);
  const hyperlinks = $('a');
  hyperlinks.attr('href', perform(i, href){
    if (href) {
      const hrefUrl = url.parse(href);
      if (hrefUrl.protocol === siteUrl.protocol && hrefUrl.host === siteUrl.host) {
        return hrefUrl.path
      }

      return href;
    }

  });
  return $.html();
}

module.exports = replaceLinks;

Then we’ll add the next to our gatsby-node.js file:

exports.onCreateNode = async ({ actions, node, getNodesByType }) => {
  if (node.inside.proprietor !== `gatsby-source-ghost`) {
    return
  }
  if (node.inside.kind === 'GhostPage' || node.inside.kind === 'GhostPost') {
    const settings = getNodesByType(`GhostSettings`);
    actions.createNodeField({
      identify: 'html',
      worth: replaceLinks(node.html, settings[0].url),
      node
    })
  }
}

You will note that we’re including two new packages in replaceLinks.js, so let’s begin by putting in these with NPM:

npm set up --save url cheerio

In our gatsby-node.js file, we’re hooking into Gatsby’s onCreateNode, and particularly into any nodes which can be created from knowledge that comes from gatsby-source-ghost (versus metadata that comes from our config file that we don’t care about for now).

Then we’re checking the node kind, to filter out any nodes that aren’t Ghost Pages or Posts (since these are the one ones that may have hyperlinks inside their content material).

Subsequent, we’re getting the URL of the Ghost website from the Ghost settings and passing that to our removeLinks perform together with the HTML content material from the Web page/Put up.

In replaceLinks, we’re utilizing cheerio to parse the HTML. Then we will then choose the entire hyperlinks on this HTML content material and map by way of their href attributes. We will then verify if the href attribute matches the URL of the Ghost Web site — if it does, we’ll exchange the href attribute with simply the URL path, which is the interior hyperlink that we’re searching for (e.g. one thing like /my-post/).

Lastly, we’re making this new HTML content material accessible by way of GraphQL utilizing Gatsby’s createNodeField (Notice: we should do it this fashion since Gatsby doesn’t assist you to overwrite fields at this section within the construct).

Now our new HTML content material will likely be accessible in our blog-post.js template and we will entry it by altering our GraphQL question to:

ghostPost(slug: { eq: $slug }) {
  id
  title
  slug
  excerpt
  published_at_pretty: published_at(formatString: "DD MMMM, YYYY")
  html
  meta_title
  fields {
  html
  } 
}

And with that, we simply have to tweak this part within the template:

<part
  dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{ __html: submit.html }}
  itemProp="articleBody"
/>

To be:

<part
 dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{ __html: submit.fields.html }}
  itemProp="articleBody"
/>

This makes all of our inside hyperlinks reachable, however we nonetheless have yet another downside. All of those hyperlinks are <a>anchor tags whereas with Gatsby we needs to be utilizing Gatsby Hyperlink for inside hyperlinks (to keep away from web page refreshes and to supply a extra seamless expertise).

Fortunately, there’s a Gatsby plugin that makes this very easy to unravel. It’s known as gatsby-plugin-catch-links and it appears for any inside hyperlinks and mechanically replaces the <a> anchor tags with Gatsby <Hyperlink>.

All we have to do is set up it utilizing NPM:

npm set up --save gatsby-plugin-catch-links

And add gatsby-plugin-catch-links into our plugins array in our gatsby-config file.

Including Templates And Kinds

Now the massive stuff is technically working, however we’re lacking out on a few of the content material from our Ghost occasion.

The Gatsby Starter Weblog solely has an Index web page and a template for Weblog Posts, whereas Ghost by default has Posts, Pages, in addition to pages for Tags and Authors. So we have to create templates for every of those.

For this, we will leverage the Gatsby starter that was created by the Ghost workforce.

As a place to begin for this undertaking, we will simply copy and paste quite a lot of the recordsdata instantly into our undertaking. Right here’s what we’ll take:

The meta recordsdata are including JSON structured knowledge markup to our templates. It is a nice profit that Ghost affords by default on their platform and so they’ve transposed it into Gatsby as a part of their starter template.

Then we took the Pagination and PostCard.js parts that we will drop proper into our undertaking. And with these parts, we will take the template recordsdata and drop them into our undertaking and they’re going to work.

The fragments.js file makes our GraphQL queries rather a lot cleaner for every of our pages and templates — we now simply have a central supply for all of our GraphQL queries. And the siteConfig.js file has just a few Ghost configuration choices which can be best to place in a separate file.

Now we’ll simply want to put in just a few npm packages and replace our gatsby-node file to make use of our new templates.

The packages that we might want to set up are gatsby-awesome-pagination, @tryghost/helpers, and @tryghost/helpers-gatsby.

So we’ll do:

npm set up --save gatsby-awesome-pagination @tryghost/helpers @tryghost/helpers-gatsby

Then we have to make some updates to our gatsby-node file.

First, we’ll add the next new imports to the highest of our file:

const { paginate } = require(`gatsby-awesome-pagination`);
const { postsPerPage } = require(`./src/utils/siteConfig`);

Subsequent, in our exports.createPages, we’ll replace our GraphQL question to:

{
  allGhostPost(kind: { order: ASC, fields: published_at }) {
      edges {
          node {
              slug
          }
      }
  }
  allGhostTag(kind: { order: ASC, fields: identify }) {
      edges {
          node {
              slug
              url
              postCount
          }
      }
  }
  allGhostAuthor(kind: { order: ASC, fields: identify }) {
      edges {
          node {
              slug
              url
              postCount
          }
      }
  }
  allGhostPage(kind: { order: ASC, fields: published_at }) {
      edges {
          node {
              slug
              url
          }
      }
  }
}

This may pull the entire GraphQL knowledge we want for Gatsby to construct pages primarily based on our new templates.

To do this, we’ll extract all of these queries and assign them to variables:

// Extract question outcomes
  const tags = end result.knowledge.allGhostTag.edges
  const authors = end result.knowledge.allGhostAuthor.edges
  const pages = end result.knowledge.allGhostPage.edges
  const posts = end result.knowledge.allGhostPost.edges

Then we’ll load all of our templates:

// Load templates
  const tagsTemplate = path.resolve(`./src/templates/tag.js`)
  const authorTemplate = path.resolve(`./src/templates/writer.js`)
  const pageTemplate = path.resolve(`./src/templates/web page.js`)
  const postTemplate = path.resolve(`./src/templates/submit.js`)

Notice right here that we’re changing our previous blog-post.js template with submit.js, so we will go forward and delete blog-post.js from our templates folder.

Lastly, we’ll add this code to construct pages from our templates and GraphQL knowledge:

// Create tag pages
tags.forEach(({ node }) => {
    const totalPosts = node.postCount !== null ? node.postCount : 0

    // This half right here defines, that our tag pages will use
    // a `/tag/:slug/` permalink.
    const url = `/tag/${node.slug}`

    const objects = Array.from({size: totalPosts})

    // Create pagination
    paginate({
        createPage,
        objects: objects,
        itemsPerPage: postsPerPage,
        element: tagsTemplate,
        pathPrefix: ({ pageNumber }) => (pageNumber === 0) ? url : `${url}/web page`,
        context: {
            slug: node.slug
        }
    })
})

// Create writer pages
authors.forEach(({ node }) => {
    const totalPosts = node.postCount !== null ? node.postCount : 0

    // This half right here defines, that our writer pages will use
    // a `/writer/:slug/` permalink.
    const url = `/writer/${node.slug}`

    const objects = Array.from({size: totalPosts})

    // Create pagination
    paginate({
        createPage,
        objects: objects,
        itemsPerPage: postsPerPage,
        element: authorTemplate,
        pathPrefix: ({ pageNumber }) => (pageNumber === 0) ? url : `${url}/web page`,
        context: {
            slug: node.slug
        }
    })
})

// Create pages
pages.forEach(({ node }) => {
  // This half right here defines, that our pages will use
  // a `/:slug/` permalink.
  node.url = `/${node.slug}/`

  createPage({
      path: node.url,
      element: pageTemplate,
      context: {
          // Information handed to context is offered
          // in web page queries as GraphQL variables.
          slug: node.slug,
      },
  })
})

// Create submit pages
posts.forEach(({ node }) => {
    // This half right here defines, that our posts will use
    // a `/:slug/` permalink.
    node.url = `/${node.slug}/`
    createPage({
        path: node.url,
        element: postTemplate,
        context: {
            // Information handed to context is offered
            // in web page queries as GraphQL variables.
            slug: node.slug,
        },
    })
})

Right here, we’re looping in flip by way of our tags, authors, pages, and posts. For our pages and posts, we’re merely creating slugs after which creating a brand new web page utilizing that slug and telling Gatsby what template to make use of.

For the tags and writer pages, we’re additionally including pagination information utilizing gatsby-awesome-pagination that will likely be handed into the web page’s pageContext.

With that, all of our content material ought to now be efficiently constructed and displayed. However we might use a bit of labor on styling. Since we copied over our templates instantly from the Ghost Starter, we will use their kinds as properly.

Not all of those will likely be relevant, however to maintain issues easy and never get too slowed down in styling, I took the entire kinds from Ghost’s src/kinds/app.css ranging from the part Structure till the top. Then you’ll simply paste these into the top of your src/kinds.css file.

Observe the entire kinds beginning with kg — this refers to Koening which is the identify of the Ghost editor. These kinds are essential for the Put up and Web page templates, as they’ve particular kinds that deal with the content material that’s created within the Ghost editor. These kinds be sure that the entire content material you’re writing in your editor is translated over and displayed in your weblog appropriately.

Lastly, we want our web page.js and submit.js recordsdata to accommodate our inside hyperlink alternative from the earlier step, beginning with the queries:

Web page.js

ghostPage(slug: { eq: $slug } ) {
  …GhostPageFields
    fields {
      html
     }
}

Put up.js

ghostPost(slug: { eq: $slug } ) {
  …GhostPostFields
    fields {
      html
    }
}

After which the sections of our templates which can be utilizing the HTML content material. So in our submit.js we’ll change:

<part
className="content-body load-external-scripts"
dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{ __html: submit.html }} />

To:

<part
className="content-body load-external-scripts"
dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{ __html: submit.fields.html }} />

And equally, in our web page.js file, we’ll change web page.html to web page.fields.html.

Dynamic Web page Content material

One of many disadvantages of Ghost when used as a conventional CMS, is that it isn’t doable to edit particular person items of content material on a web page with out going into your precise theme recordsdata and onerous coding it.

Say you may have a piece in your website that may be a Name-to-Motion or buyer testimonials. If you wish to change the textual content in these packing containers, you’ll have to edit the precise HTML recordsdata.

One of many nice components of going headless is that we will make dynamic content material on our website that we will simply edit utilizing Ghost. We’re going to do that through the use of Pages that we are going to mark with ‘inside’ tags or tags that begin with a # image.

So for example, let’s go into our Ghost backend, create a brand new Web page known as Message, kind one thing as content material, and most significantly, we’ll add the tag #message.

Now let’s return to our gatsby-node file. At present, we’re constructing pages for all of our tags and pages, but when we modify our GraphQL question in createPages, we will exclude the whole lot inside:

allGhostTag(kind: { order: ASC, fields: identify }, **filter: {slug: {regex: "/^((?!hash-).)*$/"}}**) {
    edges {
        node {
            slug
            url
            postCount
        }
    }
}
//...
allGhostPage(kind: { order: ASC, fields: published_at }, **filter: {tags: {elemMatch: {slug: {regex: "/^((?!hash-).)*$/"}}}}**) {
    edges {
        node {
            slug
            url
            html
        }
    }
}

We’re including a filter on tag slugs with the regex expression /^((?!hash-).)*$/. This expression is saying to exclude any tag slugs that embrace hash-.

Now, we received’t be creating pages for our inside content material, however we will nonetheless entry it from our different GraphQL queries. So let’s add it to our index.js web page by including this to our question:

question GhostIndexQuery($restrict: Int!, $skip: Int!) {
    website {
      siteMetadata {
        title
      }
    }
    message: ghostPage
      (tags: {elemMatch: {slug: {eq: "hash-message"}}}) {
        fields {
          html
        }
    }
    allGhostPost(
        kind: { order: DESC, fields: [published_at] },
        restrict: $restrict,
        skip: $skip
    ) {
      edges {
        node {
          ...GhostPostFields
        }
      }
    }
  }

Right here we’re creating a brand new question known as “message” that’s searching for our inside content material web page by filtering particularly on the tag #message. Then let’s use the content material from our #message web page by including this to our web page:

//...
const BlogIndex = ({ knowledge, location, pageContext }) => {
  const siteTitle = knowledge.website.siteMetadata?.title || `Title`
  const posts = knowledge.allGhostPost.edges
  const message = knowledge.message;
//...
return (
  <Structure location={location} title={siteTitle}>
    <Web optimization title="All posts" />
    <part
      dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{
        __html: message.fields.html,
      }}
    />
  )
}

Ending Touches

Now we’ve bought a extremely nice weblog setup, however we will add just a few ultimate touches: pagination on our index web page, a sitemap, and RSS feed.

First, so as to add pagination, we might want to convert our index.js web page right into a template. All we have to do is lower and paste our index.js file from our src/pages folder over to our src/templates folder after which add this to the part the place we load our templates in gatsby-node.js:

// Load templates
 const indexTemplate = path.resolve(`./src/templates/index.js`)

Then we have to inform Gatsby to create our index web page with our index.js template and inform it to create the pagination context.

Altogether we’ll add this code proper after the place we create our submit pages:

// Create Index web page with pagination
  paginate({
      createPage,
      objects: posts,
      itemsPerPage: postsPerPage,
      element: indexTemplate,
      pathPrefix: ({ pageNumber }) => {
          if (pageNumber === 0) {
            return `/`
          } else {
              return `/web page`
            }
      },
  })

Now let’s open up our index.js template and import our Pagination element and add it proper beneath the place we map by way of our posts:

import Pagination from '../parts/pagination'
//...
      </ol>
      <Pagination pageContext={pageContext} />
    </Structure>
//...

Then we simply want to vary the hyperlink to our weblog posts from:

<Hyperlink to={submit.node.slug} itemProp="url">

to:

<Hyperlink to={`/${submit.node.slug}/`} itemProp="url">

This prevents Gatsby Hyperlink from prefixing our hyperlinks on pagination pages — in different phrases, if we didn’t do that, a hyperlink on web page 2 would present as /web page/2/my-post/ as an alternative of simply /my-post/ like we would like.

With that performed, let’s arrange our RSS feed. It is a fairly easy step, as we will use a ready-made script from the Ghost workforce’s Gatsby starter. Let’s copy their file generate-feed.js into our src/utils folder.

Then let’s use it in our gatsby-config.js by changing the prevailing gatsby-plugin-feed part with:

{
  resolve: `gatsby-plugin-feed`,
  choices: {
      question: `
      {
          allGhostSettings {
              edges {
                  node {
                      title
                      description
                  }
              }
          }
      }
    `,
      feeds: [
          generateRSSFeed(config),
      ],
  },
}

We might want to import our script together with our siteConfig.js file:

const config = require(`./src/utils/siteConfig`);
const generateRSSFeed = require(`./src/utils/generate-feed`);
//...

Lastly, we have to make one vital addition to our generate-feed.js file. Proper after the GraphQL question and the output area, we have to add a title area:

#...
output: `/rss.xml`,
title: "Gatsby Starter Weblog RSS Feed",
#...

With out this title area, gatsby-plugin-feed will throw an error on the construct.

Then for our final crowning glory, let’s add our sitemap by putting in the bundle gatsby-plugin-advanced-sitemap:

npm set up --save gatsby-plugin-advanced-sitemap

And including it to our gatsby-config.js file:

{
  resolve: `gatsby-plugin-advanced-sitemap`,
  choices: {
      question: `
        {
            allGhostPost {
                edges {
                    node {
                        id
                        slug
                        updated_at
                        created_at
                        feature_image
                    }
                }
            }
            allGhostPage {
                edges {
                    node {
                        id
                        slug
                        updated_at
                        created_at
                        feature_image
                    }
                }
            }
            allGhostTag {
                edges {
                    node {
                        id
                        slug
                        feature_image
                    }
                }
            }
            allGhostAuthor {
                edges {
                    node {
                        id
                        slug
                        profile_image
                    }
                }
            }
        }`,
        mapping: {
            allGhostPost: {
                sitemap: `posts`,
            },
            allGhostTag: {
                sitemap: `tags`,
            },
            allGhostAuthor: {
                sitemap: `authors`,
            },
            allGhostPage: {
                sitemap: `pages`,
            },
        },
        exclude: [
            `/dev-404-page`,
            `/404`,
            `/404.html`,
            `/offline-plugin-app-shell-fallback`,
        ],
        createLinkInHead: true,
        addUncaughtPages: true,
    }
}
}

The question, which additionally comes from the Ghost workforce’s Gatsby starter, creates particular person sitemaps for our pages and posts in addition to our writer and tag pages.

Now, we simply need to make one small change to this question to exclude our inside content material. Similar as we did within the prior step, we have to replace these queries to filter out tag slugs that comprise ‘hash-’:

allGhostPage(filter: {tags: {elemMatch: {slug: {regex: "/^((?!hash-).)*$/"}}}}) {
    edges {
        node {
            id
            slug
            updated_at
            created_at
            feature_image
        }
    }
}
allGhostTag(filter: {slug: {regex: "/^((?!hash-).)*$/"}}) {
    edges {
        node {
            id
            slug
            feature_image
        }
    }
}

Wrapping Up

With that, you now have a completely functioning Ghost weblog operating on Gatsby that you would be able to customise from right here. You possibly can create your whole content material by operating Ghost in your localhost after which if you end up able to deploy, you merely run:

gatsby construct

After which you’ll be able to deploy to Netlify utilizing their command-line device:

netlify deploy -p

Since your content material solely lives in your native machine, additionally it is a good suggestion to make occasional backups, which you are able to do utilizing Ghost’s export characteristic.

This exports your whole content material to a json file. Notice, it doesn’t embrace your pictures, however these will likely be saved on the cloud anyway so that you don’t want to fret as a lot about backing these up.

I hope you loved this tutorial the place we coated:

  • Organising Ghost and Gatsby;
  • Dealing with Ghost Photos utilizing a storage converter;
  • Changing Ghost inside hyperlinks to Gatsby Hyperlink;
  • Including templates and kinds for all Ghost content material varieties;
  • Utilizing dynamic content material created in Ghost;
  • Organising RSS feeds, sitemaps, and pagination.

In case you are taken with exploring additional what’s doable with a headless CMS, try my work at Epilocal, the place I’m utilizing an identical tech stack to construct instruments for native information and different impartial, on-line publishers.

Notice: You could find the full code for this undertaking on Github right here, and it’s also possible to see a working demo right here.

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